Pompeii was an ancient Roman city near Naples, in the Campania region of Italy, is famous for being destroyed and buried under 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of volcanic ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.
The eruption destroyed the city, killing almost all its inhabitants and burying it under tons of ash. Evidence for the destruction originally came from a surviving letter by Pliny the Younger, who saw the eruption from a distance and described the death of his uncle Pliny the Elder, an admiral of the Roman fleet, who tried to rescue citizens.
The site was lost for about 1,500 years until its rediscovery in 1599 and broader rediscovery almost 150 years later by Spanish engineer Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre in 1748.
The objects that lay beneath the city have been preserved for centuries because of the lack of air and moisture. These artifacts provide an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city during the ancient times.
During the excavation, plaster was used to fill in the voids in the ash layers that once held human bodies. This allowed archaeologists to see the exact position the person was in when he or she died.
The ruins of Pompeii are located near the modern suburban town of Pompei (nowadays written with one 'i'). It stands on a spur formed by a lava flow to the north of the mouth of the Sarno River.
The ancient city of Pompeii has been a popular tourist destination for hundreds of year and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Italy. The city is part of a larger Vesuvius National Park and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997.
To get to Pompeii is very easy by train from central station of Naples, is about 30min ride. The train will leave you in walking distance to the museum entrance, you will need at least 3h-4h toi explore the streets, buildings and temples of the ancient city.
After you are done visiting Pompeii, you could go out and take a tour to the top of Mount Vesuvius, is not expensive and you will be amazed by its majestic beauty and astonished of the views from the top.